What is Triangulation in Research?

What is Triangulation in Research
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In research, triangulation alludes to tending to a research subject through a few datasets, procedures, speculations, and agents. It’s a research approach that can help you work on your outcomes’ legitimacy and reliability.

Triangulation in research is most regularly utilized in descriptive investigations, even though it’s likewise used in quantitative examinations. While doing blended techniques research, strategic triangulation is an unquestionable requirement.

Triangulation in research: Examples

  • Qualitative research:

Exhaustively, you interview important partners, similar to moms, instructors, and students.

  • Quantitative research:

You lead eye-following research and take the help of three researchers to examine the outcomes.

  • Blended techniques study:

You do a quantitative review, then, at that point, a couple of coordinated (qualitative) conversations.

Triangulation in research: The various kinds

Triangulation in research might be separated into four classifications:

  • Data triangulation: Combining data from different periods, areas, and people
  • Examiner triangulation: Gathering or dissecting data with the help of various researchers
  • Hypothesis triangulation: Employing an assortment of hypothetical perspectives in your study
  • Systemic triangulation: Using numerous strategies to handle a similar subject

Utilizing a representation, we’ll go over the four types of triangulation in research. The representation depends on a genuine study.


You research what inspires people to act agreeably rather than egotistically. For instance, you need to realize what urges individuals to work together with others in a group setting.

Strategic triangulation

When you apply strategic triangulation, you utilize a few philosophies to handle a similar research subject.

It is among the most pervasive type of triangulation in research, and it happens when researchers mix quantitative and qualitative research approaches in a single study.

Strategic triangulation in research: Example

In your research, you utilize conduct, overview, and neurological data to comprehend what motivates people to participate comprehensively.

You select individuals to playgroup games in a behaviourally controlled lab analysis and monitor their outcomes. You likewise gather information to get data on how they collaborate in their regular day-to-day existence. Eventually, you lead useful, attractive reverberation imaging (fMRI) sweeps to decide the cerebrum underpinnings of joint effort.

Strategic triangulation in research is favourable since it eliminates impediments and inclinations depending on a solitary research approach.

Data Triangulation

To address your subject of study, you utilize various data sources in data triangulation. You can assemble data at various spans, in better places, and with various people.

Data triangulation in research: Example

North of eight months, you secure and assess data from an overview of 130 American college students to more readily comprehend the intentions fundamental helpful direct. The test is then rehashed with comparable examples from different pieces of the globe.

To test your hypothesis with a bigger example, you assemble data from students in Italy and Japan.

Your decisions are all the more, for the most part, pertinent to different situations, assuming you accumulate data from different examples, areas, or periods.

Agent triangulation

Various eyewitnesses or examiners are engaged with agent triangulation in research to assemble, put together, or assess data autonomously.

Agent triangulation in research: Example

You enrol the help of a few eyewitnesses to arrange the exercises of your respondents for your social data. Then, at that point, you give them instructional classes and a handbook to study to code practices much the same way.

They analyze and mark down any agreeable conduct in video film of your members contending in group games two by two. You twofold check that their code sheets coordinate to ensure great interoperability.

They likewise re-adjust how they code practices consistently to guarantee consistency.

Onlooker predisposition and other trial inclinations can be decreased by involving specialist triangulation in research.

Hypothesis triangulation

Locating a hypothesis involves involving numerous particular hypothetical points of view in your research rather than handling a study subject from a solitary hypothetical viewpoint.

Hypothesis triangulation in research: Example

You think there are two restricting spurring clarifications for why people collaborate.

  • Individuals team up because they need to have a decent outlook on themselves.
  • Individuals work together to forestall feeling dreadful, not to try not to feel regretful.

You can involve fMR accounts to see more mind action in remuneration-related locales or responsibility opposed areas whenever individuals work together.

One strategy for hypothesis triangulation in research is to test restricting speculations. Hypothesis triangulation can help you understand a study point from a few perspectives or accommodate data irregularities.

Triangulation in research: Purpose

Triangulation in research is a method researchers use to acquire a more exhaustive perspective on a study subject. Triangulation can likewise help with believability and legitimacy issues.

To twofold actually, look at data

For definite examination, it’s basic to gather top-notch data. Nonetheless, when you have material from one beginning or researcher, decide whether the data is solid.

Nonetheless, assuming data from various sources or researchers concur, you may be more certain with its exactness.

Validity alludes to how specific you are that your outcomes are exact. Your discoveries will be more reliable, assuming your data cross-over or agree with each other.

To get a full picture.

You might involve triangulation in research to all the more likely handle your study subject.

You welcome predispositions in your study, assuming you rely just upon one wellspring of data, procedure, or researcher. For instance, onlooker predisposition could arise when just a single examiner assembles data. In like manner, depending exclusively on one methodology might put you in a difficult spot because of the procedure’s inborn shortcomings and cutoff points.


To explore your significant issue of agreeable practices, you utilize three specific techniques in your research:

  • Perceptions of conduct in a lab setting
  • Members’ self-announced overview results remarking on their everyday existence
  • All through a helpful assignment, an assortment of mind data from an fMRI scanner.

Regardless of whether straightforwardly or by implication, every one of these methodologies assesses various components of helpful conduct.

When you wish to convey the multifaceted design of genuine events, triangulation in research proves to be helpful. You get experiences into the study subject from various perspectives and levels by differentiating your data sources, speculations, and systems.

To work on the legitimacy of the data.

Legitimacy alludes to how well an approach estimates what it professes to gauge.

Legitimacy triangulation in research might work on the legitimacy of your study. You can blend corresponding procedures that oblige each other’s cutoff points because every strategy has its advantages and downsides.

Model: Combining techniques

Utilizing conduct perceptions has disadvantages since individuals mindful that they are being noticed may react in habits they would not ordinarily. Onlookers’ perspectives on practices may likewise be slanted.

Then again, study results give more understanding into ordinary schedules past the lab; however, it very well might be slanted because it is self-announced.

Finally, fMRI data can uncover more regarding fundamental cerebrum frameworks with no human mediation. In any case, this kind of data is just helpful for your study when it is matched with others.

You might relieve one strategy’s shortcomings with the excellencies by coordinating each of the three techniques.

Triangulation in research: Pros and Cons

Triangulation, similar to any research approach, offers advantages and downsides.

✔ Predisposition is diminished.

Whenever you locate data, procedures, researchers, or speculations, you can wipe out the Predisposition by depending on a solitary perspective in your study. When you apply triangulation in research, you’ll acquire a balanced perspective on the study issue.

✔ Lays out honesty and exactness

Joining various systems, data sources, and thoughts works on your research’s exactness and unwavering quality. Whenever you gather data from numerous perspectives and approaches, you might be more sure that it precisely reflects real life.

x Time-consuming

Triangulation consumes most of the day and requires a great deal of exertion. To address one research subject, you’ll need to adjust numerous databases, sources, and approaches.

The type of study now and again requires the support of a multidisciplinary group and a higher cost and exertion. Contingent upon your time imperative and research prerequisites, you’ll have to think about your other options and strike a trade-off.

x Inconsistency

Data from numerous assets, researchers, and systems may not consistently adjust to offer you a total picture. Moreover, your data may be incongruent or disconnected.

It doesn’t constantly infer that your discoveries are silly while involving triangulation in research. You’ll need to dig further to understand why your data is going against it. These errors may be baffling, but they can likewise bring about new study bearings.

Now and again Asked Questions

What is triangulation research?

Ans. Triangulation utilizes different strategies or data sources to construct specific subjects in qualitative research.

What are the various sorts of triangulations?

Ans. The various kinds of triangulations incorporate Methodological triangulation, Data triangulation, Investigator triangulation and Theory triangulation.

What is the significance of involving triangulation in research?

  • Decrease bias by utilizing a specific technique, hypothesis, or researcher.
  • Increment the legitimacy of your research by utilizing different methods to investigate a similar issue.
  • Provide you with an unmistakable comprehension of the research issue to lay out believability.

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